When we make facial expressions such as smiling or frowning we are essentially making use of various facial muscles to form temporary lines and wrinkles on the face in order to convey a mood or emotion. These lines and wrinkles become irreversible with passage of time. Botox® helps reduce the activities of these muscles to a point where lines and wrinkles are minimized but still maintains facial expression.
Botox® is manufactured by purifying Botulinum type A into a protein that blocks the release of acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that is responsible for carrying information across the synaptic paths. Therefore, Botox® acts to temporarily weaken overactive muscles into which it is injected. Effects of Botox® are 100% reversible and last from three to six months on average.
Botox® is one of the oldest drugs and has been in use for decades. Botox® was first administered in the 70's by ophthalmologists who would inject it into small eye muscles for treatment of a condition known as "lazy eyes". Then in the 1980ís the use of Botox® was expanded to correct other facial, eyelid and neurological diseases such as tremors and spasms. Cosmetic use of Botox® was indeed noticed by accident as a side-effect in the 1980ís when a patient treated for eye spasms noticed a dramatic reduction in the frown lines. Since then Botox® has become one of the safest and most popular non-surgical facial rejuvenation treatments in the world. Dr Krakowsky has been performing this treatment for his Toronto Botox® patients for many years and has helped numerous patients accentuate their natural beauty and achieve their desired look. Common cosmetic uses of Botox® include:
- Frown line between eyebrows
- Forehead wrinkles
- Gummy smiles
- Crows feet wrinkles
- Neck bands
- Overdeveloped jaws
CONTACT US TODAY
Dr. Krakowsky does his best to personally review and respond to all patient requests.